How do bed bugs travel from one place to another besides walking

How Do Bed Bugs Travel?bedbugs travel

Bed bugs are among the most notorious pests on the planet. Once they find their way into your home, only a trained professional can completely eliminate them. Even then, there’s always a chance they can come back if you’re not careful. Here’s a brief look at how bed bugs travel between infestation sites and what you can do to avoid these unwanted guests:

Bed Bug Resurgence

Between the 1940s to the 1980s, the bed bug population in the U.S. reached its lowest point ever. Once the pesticide DDT was banned in the 1980s, bed bugs began to make a comeback. According to the U.S. National Pest Management Association, the U.S. saw over 70% more bed bug infestations from 2000 to 2005. One of the biggest factors to influence this resurgence was the increase in international travel.

Travel Methods

Since bed bugs feed on human blood, they tend to live in mattresses, furniture, and other places where they’re likely to catch a meal. Hotels and hostels are known for accommodating a large number of people in a short period of time, and are thus most likely to have bed bugs. Some of the bed bugs from an infested hotel can latch onto the clothes of an unwitting traveler and ride with that traveler all the way home—either on his person or in his suitcase.

Preventing Stowaways

The next time you sleep in a different bed—whether it’s in a hotel in Europe or a friend’s house in New Mexico—check the mattress for eggs, black spots, discarded skins, or other signs of bed bugs. It’s also a good idea to keep your suitcase off the floor. Once you get home from vacation, immediately put all your clothes in the washer and start the load on a high heat.

Bed bugs will infest your home if given half a chance.

How do beg bugs feed

Bedbug has a specially

Bedbug has a specially

Bedbug has a specially adapted to feed himself blood-sucking piercing device, that his two jaws are turned into. This device looks like a small tube that is strong enough to pierce the skin of a person, but unable to pierce the skin of the dog. Therefore, parasite bugs do not spread their deceases on large domestic animals. And it would be more correct to say that bed bugs rather stab than bite.

When insect is feeding it presses its proboscis to the bottom of the cephalothorax, making it invisible. Bed bugs and some of their relatives have even a special groove on the cephalothorax, acting as a special sheath to the injection gun.

During the process of biting bug pierces skin with proboscis and tries to reach with it blood vessel When he manages it (and thanks to the ability to feel the aftershocks of blood in the capillaries he does it masterfully), the parasite sucks 1-1,5 ml of blood.

Bug’s proboscis has two channels – one for sucking blood, and the second – for the injecting saliva into the wound, acting as an analgesic. As a result, adult bed bugs’ bite painless for his victim.

After receiving of such portion of blood an insect moves a few centimeters over the body and the entire operation again repeats. So the parasite produces a series of 3-6 bites during which absorbs up to 7 ml of blood. The weight of such dose is almost twice as an adult insect, and it lasts for a week and a half of rest and digestion.

As a result, bugs feed every 7-10 days. But how often bedbugs bite depends on their number in the room – in heavily infested apartment in the morning people can count on a body over 500 bites.

Larvae of bed bugs feed more often and in smaller portions, the smallest of which are required to feed almost daily. Interestingly, the larvae when biting do not injecting saliva in, and itching begins to feel when an insect is still in the process of feeding.


How easily do bed bugs spread?

It is important to remember that the sanitary condition of housing does not affect the appeal of it for bedbugs. Parasites are equally willing to occupy and filthy barracks, and luxury apartments. Only in the last one because of the smaller amount of furniture, and the best of its condition has considerably less place for the bugs to settle down normally, and even the first settlers are getting killed by sneakers and brooms, without having any reproduction. And sorting out the reason of the bugs getting in the house, the cleanliness of the appartment should be brought into consideration in the last turn.

The main gate of a house or apartment for bedbugs are ventilation passages, sockets and water pipes and heating systems, doors and windows. And the most common source of new insects – clothes, bought furniture, second-hand, hiking backpacks and bags. After penetration into the appartment insects hide in the rooms where people sleep under beds, in wardrobes, under carpets, behind baseboards, in cracks of furniture and mattresses.

Bed Bug Facts

Blood access affection on bed bugs lifespan

bed bug female

bed bug female

Bed bugs lifespan depends on the blood source the bugs have access to. If it is regularly feeding then the lifespan gets shorter. In this case bed bugs usually live for about 10 months and in the other case, those who can’t access the stable blood source expand their life period up to more than 1 year. So, bed bugs with a blood host that is always reachable can last and live through 3 generations of bed bugs that are ready for hunting for human blood.

The lifespan of a bed bug is around 10 to 12 months and one thing about them is that they can exist for a long period of time without consuming anything which makes it more difficult to use just any kind of bed bugs extermination product. 300 day lifespan a female bed bug can lay over 500 eggs.

Egg hatching usually happens in about a week or 12 days.

Generally, bed bugs will survive longer if they have slowed their metabolism due to colder temperatures. Bed bugs which have been subjected to temperatures near 50 degrees Fahrenheit can survive for well over a year while bed bugs with accelerated metabolism due to temperatures approaching human body temperature might not survive as long.

In captivity, in the lab, modern anecdotal reports show that bed bugs with adequate food at ambient room temperature (72 degrees Fahrenheit) will typically survive for just a few months. It appears that bed bugs are similar to other animals even including humans: survival depends on genetics, exposure, food sources, and the environment.

The color of the newborns is beige before they get feeding, and after that it changes into red. Bed bugs reach maturity on the process of five nymphal stages that last for about 32-48 days. The mature bed bugs are able to survive without getting any blood for 7 months, and in fact, they have been noticed to live for one year in completely empty buildings.

Chagas disease

Other bugs that can bite very painfully are not contagious and do not carry any diseases. These include backswimmers (water wasps), giant belostomy, nepidae.

Bugs bites that carry dangerous diseases are painless, because these parasites inject into the bite painkillers to remain invisible to their prey when feeding. Only after some time the bites start being scratchy. If bug’s bite, the form of which could not be determined, was very painful, then this bug definitely does not carry any infection.

How fast do bed bugs multiply

Bedbugs are very hideous insects. Most of the time they spend in secluded hideouts – slits, cracks, cavities under the mattress, under carpets and paintings, as well as between books. It is very difficult to meet a bug in the daytime. Those places are where the bugs spend daytime and do reproduction.

A large number of adult insects and larvae, laid eggs, larvae skins and feces form the so-called bugs nest in which no structure and hierarchy exist and which looks very untidy. Here during the daytime resting females lay eggs and the larvae hatch.

In one apartment can be a little nest, and therefore the destruction of one of them, even the largest, does not relieve the owners of the premises parasites.

To assess how fast bed bugs multiply simply calculate the offspring of one female at a time: one month of her eggs would display an average of about 30-70 larvae, most of which survive to adulthood.

During her life, one female lays about 500 eggs, and her descendants in a month are able to reproduce themselves. Not surprisingly, the apartments that are usually infected by bugs look like invasion: just for a week due to the rapid proliferation their number can be increased enormously.

The largest clusters of nests and bugs are in places closest to beds and sofas, and most of all – in themselves. Here bugs feel most comfortable and can be fed with little or even no energy cost to move.

Substances and insects that prevent bugs multiply

Despite the increasingly developing methods for dealing with bedbugs, a perfect solution to stop the reproduction of the parasite is found. Most of the means are able to kill adult bugs and their larvae, but often have no effect on insect eggs. This requires multiple treatments of the apartment.

It is known that powders such as pyrethrum and obsolete dusts can disrupt the reproductive function of bedbugs. However, its own ability to simply cause poisoning insects has yet greater impact in the fight against parasites.

In natural populations, which are parasitic on the colonies of birds and rodents breeding of bedbugs is controlled by insects called super-parasites. These pests include some bugs-riders and flies that put their eggs in eggs of bedbugs.

Coming out of an egg larva bug is infested, super-parasite larvae are developing in its body, and in most cases nymph dies after the first or second molt. Rider-bug’s larvae pupate in the body of the bug and then adult insects are coming out of it.

In general, today the most effective way to stop the proliferation of bed bugs is the direct destruction with powerful and effective insecticides.

How often do bed bugs feed?

To feed bed bugs bite hosts they find. They do it usually during nighttime and the most active stage they have when it’s before dawn. There were cases that bed bugs feed during the day but it happens rarely.

How often do bed bugs lay eggs?

Bed bugs are capable of sucking up to 7 times their own weight in blood when they are feeding. Then they come back to their places, where they hide and spend time digesting, mating and laying eggs until the time they get hungry. And in those hiding places they lay their eggs attached to the substrate.

At the rate of 3-4 eggs a day females lay about 200-500 eggs and it depends on factors as temperature some other. At temperature below 10C they are not able to lay eggs. If temperature is above 70F then hatching occurs in 6-17 days and at lower temperatures it may be prolonged to 28 days. Bed bugs get to the adult stage in one or two months but sometimes it takes longer.

Bedbugs usually feed not every night but at the periods of about a few days up to a week. Newly-hatched nymphs have to feed as soon as they are able to do it, after what they feed once between each molt. Undisturbed bed bugs can get a full meal of blood in just 4 – 5 minutes. They are able of living without feeding for 4 to 12 months and at lower temperatures they survive longer without a meal than they do at higher temperatures.

Are bed bugs disease vectors?

A Brief Introduction:

Bed bugs however are not considered as a medical hazard but they are said to cause allergic reactions and also may lead to the loss of sleep. They are not considered as dangerous and harmful enough. They can’t lead you to serious disease. Bed buds are likely to bite on various parts of the body which are more likely to be exposed to bed bugs during sleep. These parts of the body include the hands, neck, face, shoulders, legs and arms.

Sings and Symptoms of the Bed Bug infestation:

The signs and the symptoms of the bed bug infestation include:

  • the bed bugs’ exoskeletons after molting.
  • bed bugs in the fold of mattresses and bed sheets.
  • red or pink colored blood spots on the skin.
  • a sweet musty odor.

Bedbugs and Disease:

According to the researchers and health specialists, bed bugs are known to carry diseases but they are surely not meant to get transmitted to the human bodies. Some experts claim that bed buds may cause several diseases including leprosy, Q-fever, oriental sores and brucellosis. But these all proved to be fake rumors and nothing else. The cases proved to be poorly documented and didn’t come up with any solid evidence or proof.

The risk or harm which the bed bud bites may cause are the irritation, itching of the skin which may lead to the psychological issues like stress and lack of sleep. The extreme reactions of the bed buds can be the appearance of the large wheels on the skin. These wheels slowly and gradually keep on decreasing in size and becoming small red marks with the passage of time.

Bed buds however can also lead to the inflammation and burning of the skin. Swelling can also appear as the result of a bed bug bite. Moreover, there are such other insects or non bed bugs sources which also lead to the skin reactions or irritations.

It is recommended to concern any good physician if you are experiencing a bed bug bite. Also concern pest control professionals and experts to eradicate the bed bugs from your house or any particular area like office, etc.

Be sure that you should identify the bed bugs accurately and properly before beginning treatment of an infestation. Incorrect control methods can prove themselves ineffective and may cause harm or serious issue for you.